Gabriel Madirolas has focused his research on the quantitative study of cognition and behaviour, and is passionate about the philosophies of mind and science. He obtained his degree in theoretical physics from the Complutense University of Madrid. He then did a PhD on human collective intelligence in the lab of Gonzalo G. de Polavieja (Cajal Institute, Madrid, and Champalimaud Neuroscience Programme, Lisbon). Dr. Madirolas did two postdocs at the Research Center on Animal Cognition (CRCA, Toulouse). He first studied integration of information and chemotaxis in Caenorhabditis elegans, in the lab of Alfonso Pérez-Escudero. After, he studied learning and navigation in pollinators, in the lab of Mathieu Lihoreau. Dr. Madirolas is currently developing an interdisciplinary project to research on the origins of uncertainty and probability in nature, from the physical and biological implementations to the cognitive, evolutionary and philosophical implications. The project is supervised by philosopher of biology Paul-Antoine Miquel (Jean Jaurès University, Toulouse), and is supported by a grant from the International Centre for Neuroscience and Ethics (CINET, Fundación Tatiana).